FLOOR FINISH - Information and Brands recommended
When finishing, my professional application methods and accurate spread rates as well as experience and attention to detail, consistently prove beautiful and durable results you can count on.
I offer 4 main types of floor finish for your wood floors.
1) 2- component Waterborne polyurethane
2) Osmo poly-x professional Hard-wax oil
3) Oil-based polyurethane.
4) Swedish finish (acid-cure,conversion varnish)
Each type has its advantages, and understanding the differences between the four will help you to make the best decision. I am happy to advise you of my opinion based on your desires and priorities. Whichever you choose, it is important to note that the single most important factor in how long the finish will last is not the type of finish used, but how how much, and what kind of wear and damage the floor will see. A "shoes inside" home with big dogs may require maintenance coats every 2 to 4 years, and/or refinishing every 5-15. Where as a "shoes off" home with no large pets could go 20 or more years before a maintenance coat is recommended. Maintenance coating is the process of applying a fresh coat of finish when the floor has began to become worn, to protect, and rejuvenate the finish. In doing so prolonging the time until a full sanding and refinishing is needed. Remember, with proper cleaning and maintenance your floors may never need to be re-sanded again.
Whichever finish you choose, you can be confident that the products I use are of the highest quality available and have years of successful use and wear behind them. Also you can be confident that I only apply products that I have mastered the application techniques for. This, as well as a properly sanded floor ensures a beautiful, durable finish, every time.
I'm always happy to show you samples and pictures of any of our finishes, stains or dyes. Additional stain and dye color charts are available. And material safety data sheet are available for all our products upon request.
1) 2-component Waterborne finish
- 3 or 4 coat system. Dries in 2-4 hours. With a maximum of 2 coats per day, Cures in 7 days.-
Waterborne floor finish technology has been around for about 25 years. In the last ten years however, huge investments to reformulate waterborne finish technology has made it more durable, healthier and overall one of the very best finishes available. The Waterborne finish products I use are at the leading edge of this technology. And are evolved to a point that they match or have surpassed the durability and beauty of Swedish finishes. Because of this, these waterborne finish's or the "hybrid waterborne system" are my most popular choices.
These finishes are healthier and environmentally responsible with lower VOC's (Volitile Organic Compounds) than almost all other wood floor finishes*. As a result they're considered low odor, meaning you don't necessarily have to leave your home during refinishing. They are also non yellowing so they will not change color over time.
Waterborne Polyurethanes are a blend of synthetic resins, plasticizers and other film forming ingredients. They do still contain some toxins, but they are much less toxic than other traditional finishes. The 2-component Waterborne finishes, like the ones I use; utilize either an isocyanate or aziridine crosslinker/Hardener (2nd part). While Isocyanate is considered a Carcinogen and aziridine is considered an extreme skin sensitizing agent when in liquid form. Both products are considered inert (read: not-harmful) when dry/cured. Isocyanate is considered the "safer" of the two, and Bona's products utilize this formulation.
I believe waterborne system will soon make the Swedish finishing system completely obsolete, if they aren't banned before then anyway.
-3 or 4 coat system. Dries in 2-4 hours. And a maximum of 2 coats per day.-
Because Oil- Modified Polyurethanes tend to have a richer, ambering effect on the wood; many prefer to seal the wood with Oil-Modified Polyurethane sealer, instead of a Waterborne sanding sealer. Then apply 2 or 3 coats of the 2-component Waterborne finish on top. In this popular system, you get the benefit of the oil-modified, traditional ambering/gold color.(on lighter woods) With the added benefit, convenience and durability of the Waterborne finish. This system is becoming the industry standard, and I consistently achieve excellent results. I recommend the waterborne-hybrid system on many projects.
-Bona Traffic HD
Bona Traffic HD is a 2-component waterborne floor finish's designed specifically for the unique demands of heavy-traffic commercial and residential hardwood floors. Traffic HD's advanced formula provides the ultimate in durability, outperforming any finish in the industry - moisture cure, solvent-based(swedish), oil-modified or other waterborne finishes. Bona Traffic HD is the choice for hardwood floor owners with an uncompromising attitude towards durability, being green and looking beautiful. Traffic HD Significantly outperforms all urethane finishes, in durability at 24 hours. Greenguard certified for indoor air quality. Greenguard children and schools certified.
• Extremely durable, unsurpassed scuff, scratch and chemical resistance at full cure
• Very low odor, non flammable
• Available in Commercial Satin, Commercial Semi-Gloss, and Commercial Extra Matte
• will not change color overtime
• Very low VOCs(volatile organic compounds) - less than 125 g/l
-Bona Traffic Anti-Slip Satin
Bona Traffic Anti-Slip is a 2-component waterborne finish offering exceptional durability and protection for hardwood floors. It has all the features of Bona Traffic but with the additional benefit of being formulated to meet the highest standards for slip resistance. With its higher coefficient of friction, Bona Traffic Anti-Slip is an ideal choice for stairs, nurseries, kitchens and similar locations. Greengaurd certified for indoor air quality.
• Meets ADA recommendation for accessible routes and ramps according to ASTM 2047
• Superb wear, scuff and chemical resistance
• Meets German industrial norm DIN 51 130 with a slip resistance rating of R10
• VOC 210 g/l
Glitsa American is known for our fine brand of quality finishes. At Glitsa we hold our chemists to a standard centered around high quality, durability, consistency and beauty. Our objective has always been to produce the best products we possibly can. That's what our water-based GlitsaMax is all about. GlitsaMax utilizes a polycarbonate resin that gives it high impact strength and clarity–the same resins used in motorcycle helmets and bulletproof glass.
• extremely durable 2 component water based finish
• comparable to bona traffic (competitors)
• 350 g/l VOC
2) Osmo Polyx professional Hardwax-Oil
- Osmo is a 2 coat system, Dries in 8-12 hours. Cures in 2-3 weeks
Until mid-20th century times, wood floors and other wood surfaces on the interior of a building were commonly treated with natural oils and waxes which hardened the surface, brought out the beauty of the wood, and provided tough protection. These finishes were eventually replaced by products that relied on petrochemicals – VOCs – to speed up the drying process. Polyx Professional Hardwax Oil is a modern version of those traditional finishes that is VOC-free.Key ingredients in hardwax oil include sunflower, soybean, and thistle oil, plus two hard, natural waxes-carnauba and candelilla. A Brazilian palm tree, Copernica cerifera, produces the carnauba in its leaves, berries and stalks. Villagers cuts down fronds, dry them for several days, and then beat out the wax. The Candelilla wax comes from the outer coating on a desert shrub, Euphorbia antisyphiliti, that grows in northern Mexico. Farmers boil the leaves and stems with water and acid to release the wax.Not to be confused with traditional finishes, Osmo Hardwax Oil is an engineered finish made with plant oils and waxes, plus just enough highly refined mineral spirits to allow easy application. This remarkable finish offers excellent durability and renewability with a unique lustrous finish. It will never crack, blister, flake or peel off. Instead of forming a plastic film, like polyurethane can, Osmo hardwax oil has open pores that "breath." This allows any moisture that does get through to get back out again without pushing off the finish. Because its microporous, Hardwax oil even works well in rooms with high humidity, such as kitchens. It meets German standards for resistance to stains from wine, beer, cola, fruit juice, and coffee.
A main difference in Osmo is that it can require more maintenance than traditional wood floor finishes. The nature and ease of this finish allows maintenance and spot repairs to be done by the home owner and spot repairs blend completely with the existing floor.(traditional finishes require a high level of skill to repair, and repairs may never completely blend). If repairs are made regularly this finish will last indefinitely.
This is an oil-based product. Like most finishes, even Waterborne ones, it needs a solvent to perform properly. Osmo uses the safest one that works with oil based finishes: benzene-free, low-odor mineral spirits. that have been refined to reduce the toxins.
• Great low gloss finish (matte to satin)
• Won’t yellow over time
• 0-50 VOC g/l -Best finish for Sustainability/ Health
• Based on 2 natural waxes (carnauba and candelilla) and 3 natural oils
(sunflower, soybean, thistle)
• “Safe for humans, animals, and plants when dry
• Approved for use on children’s toys in Germany
• Eligible for LEED credits for IAQ and as a rapidly renewble resource.
3) Oil-modified Polyurethane finish
-Oil-modified Polyurethane is a 3-4 coat system. Dries in 8-12 hours. Cures in 30 days
Polyurethane finishes have been a mainstay in wood flooring for many years. And is generally the most common finish on wood floors in the U.S. These finishes first came out in 1936 and were originally developed for bowling alleys. Since there introduction to the U.S. in the early 1950's their usage has grown steadily. They find application in the toughest environments, like gyms, public buildings, homes and offices. The durability is not that of high grade waterborne or swedish finish, but still is a remarkable, durable product, that has proven the test of time. This is a less expensive finish and can be a great product for someone trying to save money and has plenty of time to allow for overnight drying times. Polyurethane gives wood floors depth and richness while protecting them from scratches, dents and spills. Polyurethane ambers with age; on light wood, usually to a yellow, golden color. And could be described as warm or traditional.
This is a petroleum base with a blend of synthetic resins, plasticizers and other film forming ingredients that produce a transparent, durable and remarkable stain resistance finish. The toxins contained are primarily amorphous silica, linseed oil, and petroleum distillates, and stoddard solvents(mineral spirits). The toxin levels of these products are about half that of swedish finish. In our hybrid system, the oil-modified sanding sealer only contains the main toxin, "stoddard spirits" or mineral spirits.
Bona's oil-modified Polyurethane finishes and sealers are formulated from an oil in pine trees, which explains the quick-drying capabilities compared to oils made for other products. We were successful in our goal of developing an oil that highlights the beauty of the wood and provides a durable coat, while also limiting our impact on the environment.
• brings out the rich, warm, sometimes honey colors of the wood. richens with age.
• The sealers are used primarily underneath a waterborne coating system.
• less odor than Swedish. More odor then Waterborne
• 350-550 g/l VOC
4) Swedish finish
-Swedish finish is a 2-3 coat system, Dries in 2-5 hours. Cures in 90 days.
Swedish finish was developed in the early 1950's in Scandinavia and quickly gained popularity in Europe. It has been the industry standard here in the Northwest for about 25 years. Swedish finish has a reputation for beauty, durability unmatched by all but a few heavy-duty commercial grade waterborne finishes. Swedish finish is an solvent-based Urea Amino/ Alkyd resin mix, along with xylene or denatured alcohol, or a combination of them both. It contains Ethyl alcohol, toulene, N-butyl alcohol, formaldehyde, ethyl benzene, methyl butol keytone, as well as other toxic, carcinogenic ingredients.
Swedish finish contains many solvents, it is highly volatile, toxic, and flammable and has an extreme odor. Because of this it requires special precautions, including customers planning to be off the premises for at least a day or two, perhaps even longer after the final coat is applied. As well as removing pets, fish, and plants from the work area for the same duration (they could be killed). I also ask that appliances with pilot lights be turned off, or disconnected prior to the finishing. Please be prepared to re-light any pilot lights that I may have turned off. Light foot traffic may resume and furniture may be replaced after 24-48 hours, but the finish is not fully cured/off gassed for 90 days. Therefore area rugs should not be put back on the floor for as long as is tolerable, or 90 days (if areas are covered before the end of this curing period, the covered areas will cure more slowly, and could result in more pronounced color differences between exposed and covered areas.)
Sensitivity to solvents varies greatly from individual to individual, and some customers have reported a lingering odor for a week or longer after the final coat is applied. While some customers can air out the house and be comfortable returning the following day.Swedish finish is banned or restricted to quarts in some states, and is banned in many parts of Europe and the rest of the World. Because of the nature of this toxic finish, I DO NOT recommend it. However in some circumstances, such as matching newly finished wood with existing wood flooring, this product may be necessary.
The use of this product was primarily because a healthier option with comparable qualities was not available. Since these comparable products are now available. There should rarely be a need for these dangerous products.
- Glitsa Gold seal, lite scent
•725 g/l VOC
Our company's focus is quality. Rudd Company has been producing Glitsa brand finishes in the USA for over 50 years. We produce proven quality finishes that enhance the natural beauty while providing the best protection to your wood floor. Swedish formulated Gold Seal Finishes have been the benchmark of excellence that no other finish has matched. The Gold Seal System provides a unique combination of durability, scratch and scuff resistance, clarity, and grain definition. The Gold Seal System also provides unsurpassed beauty by bringing out the natural colors of your wood floor. We at Rudd Company are committed to offering homeowners the best quality wood floor finishes a professional contractor can provide.